“And you shall observe this thing (Passover) for an ordinance to you and your sons forever...and it shall come to pass, when your children say unto you, What is the meaning of this service? That you shall say, It is the sacrifice of the Lord’s Passover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt.” Exodus 12:24, 26, 27
Historically, Passover (Pesach) celebrates God’s deliverance of the children of Israel from bondage in Egypt where they were slaves to the Egyptians. Exodus 2:23, 24; 6:5-8; 13:3, 14.
The spiritual application that God wants us to understand is this: Egypt is a type of this world and the world’s system. It’s ruler, Pharaoh, was a type of Satan. The bondage people are in when they live according to the ways of the world’s system is sin. (John 8:34) The children of Israel were delivered from Egypt’s bondage by putting the blood of a lamb upon the doorposts of their houses. (Exodus 12:2, 6, 13)
First of all, Passover reveals that all have sinned and are guilty before God, both Jew and Gentile. That’s why on that first Passover night in Egypt, both the Israelites and the Egyptians were under judgment. ALL dwelling in Egypt experienced the plagues.
Secondly, we discover that the penalty of sin is death. God’s justice demands the shedding of blood; that’s why we see the angel of death killing all the firstborn of the land.
But thankfully, the third truth we find in the Passover observance is that God’s mercy provides a way. The key word here is PROVIDES!
God promised in Exodus 12:13, “When I see the blood, I will pass over…” The provision taken to satisfy both God’s justice and His love was the blood of an innocent lamb. The Passover Lamb was not only a deliverance from Egypt but also from death.
This shedding of innocent blood for the forgiveness of sins is a central theme in God’s atoning work.
Christ - Our Passover